Cryptocurrency exchanges or trading platforms were effectively banned by regulation in September with platforms closed down by July In early the People's Bank of China announced the State Administration of Foreign Exchange led by Pan Gongsheng would crack down on bitcoin mining. Not quite yet. According to Changelly's roundup of Bitcoin in China, "Bitcoin and other international decentralized cryptocurrencies are illegal to store and trade for individuals and any corporate entities." This is the letter of the law, though it is not always strictly enforced. Jun 25, · Second, China is also home to some of the biggest cryptocurrency exchanges for trading bitcoin, such as Binance. These exchanges clock high trading volumes and attract international retail.
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Bitfinex accounts may be funded by bank wire only, their fee on accepting such transfers is low at only 0. While Bitfinex can be helpful for buying large amounts of bitcoins, it is probably best to not use the exchange until it fully compensates affected users. China was one of the earliest countries to enthusiastically adopt Bitcoin and crypto. In , a Chinese charity began accepting donations in Bitcoin.
Soon enough, a flood of businesses began accepting Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as payment. Baidu - the Chinese search engine giant - was for a period accepting Bitcoin for its website security service offerings. In fact, in Bitcoin traded more against the Chinese yuan than any other currency.
This buzz of activity attracted miners, who set up shop in areas with cheap energy. One major driver of Bitcoin's popularity in China is the widespread desire to remove their capital from the control of the CCP and integrate it into the worldwide economy.
Wealthy Chinese people are highly motivated to seek out overseas investment opportunities and means of exchanging their Yuan CNY for U. The yuan is subject to strict capital controls which make moving money in and out of the country difficult.
China has not taken a favorable view of Bitcoin. In , the Chinese government instated an official ban on all cryptocurrency trading and investing, which was followed the next year by a proclamation that all crypto-related WeChat and social media profiles would be shut down. Bitcoin mining was strongly discouraged if not quite outlawed entirely. This was done with the stated goal of protecting investors from dangerously speculative trading products and scams like PlusToken more on that below.
This is part of the broader "blockchain, not Bitcoin" appraoch that the Chinese state has taken. It seems that the government sees value in blockchain technology, and indeed may be the first to issue their own Central Bank Digital Currency CBDC , but views Bitcoin as an anti-estbalishment threat. China's recent trials of a CBDC are at a more advanced stage than any other country's. China clearly sees value in blockchain technology and is aiming to be at the vanguard of its development.
Delivering an immediate boost to the Chinese Bitcoin community and BTC's price as well , in October President XI Jinping issued a statement in support of blockchain technology research. One blockchain developer whose family had urged him to quit after the rumblings and ICO ban in said that he was relieved to "no longer feel on tenterhooks when coding. Not quite yet. According to Changelly's roundup of Bitcoin in China , "Bitcoin and other international decentralized cryptocurrencies are illegal to store and trade for individuals and any corporate entities.
Many people decide to take the risk and use VPNs to bypass restrictions and utilize foreign exchanges. Yet sometimes government intervention can have an opposite effect to the one desired. Mainland China's tightening of its grip on Hong Kong has caused many residents to turn to crypto in order to safeguard their money.
Hong Kong residents are increasingly turning to Bitcoin and stablecoins in an effort to preserve their wealth in light of the newly imposed capital controls by Beijing. While the lives of miners may be difficult, local exchanges are forced to comply with last-minute regulations, and individuals have to take into account the legal gray area in which they operate, there is undeniable interest and engagement with Bitcoin in China.
Since , Bitcoin has provided an increasingly viable alternative to the fiat currency system, and as long as there that system continues to be suveilled and controlled by third-parties, there will be demand for decentralized alternatives. The Ledger Nano X is the newest crypto hardware wallet, and is very easy to use.
Atomic wallet is a multicurrency mobile wallet with a beautiful interface and easy to use features. Electrum is a Bitcoin-only wallet that has been around since It's easy to use, but has advanced features. In addition to the big players such as Binance, Huobi, and OKex, there are some smaller but still significant Chinese exchanges. Miners in China benefit from very low energy prices - partly due to an abundance of cheap but dirty coal - and the presence of many of the major mining pools, which help ensure steady income.
A relatively consistent cash flow helps miners budget for operating expenses, market fluctuations, and the inevitable hardware upgrades required every year or two to stay competitive. This shows the importance of Bitcoin mining as a serious industry in China. This industry could not operate at such a scale without the blessing - tacit or official - of the CCP.
There are concerns about one country controlling a majority portion of the Bitcoin hash rate. This centralization of mining power is antithetical to the ideology of Bitcoin. If you're interested learning more about Bitcoin, mining including how to set up your own node, check out our guide here. For more on Bitcoin mining in China, we have a page outlining the history and future of the mining industry in China.
Plus Token was a Ponzi scheme that was marketed as a high-yield investing platform. Check out the inforgraphic below for a brief overview of the plustoken scam. First off, those who put money into Plus Token were generally people unfamiliar with the world of Bitcoin and cryptocurrency.
Moreover, rapid growth for investors has not been at all out of the ordinary in recent years in China. China has enjoyed an explosion of wealth creation in recent decades, so Chinese citizens used to quick capital growth and wealth accumulation are less sensitive to this type of Ponzi when they front as high-yield investments.
Plus Token advised users on how to purchase crypto that they could then deposit into the app. Users were paid for the "interest" on their deposits, and received their dividends in the form of the app's native Plus Token. While early users did receive payouts, unless they immediately converted their Plus tokens to a more reputable currency, they ended up being scammed just as much as those who lost their deposits and never received any dividends at all.
Plus token is now not listed on any exchanges, and is essentially worthless. As with many scams, a lot of effort was put into making it seem legitimate. There were advertisements in Chinese supermarkets, rave-like events in auditoriums set to K-Pop soundtracks, even billboards in Chinese cities. The promise of high returns combined with incentives for bringing in new users is always a recipe for trouble. Yet it can be hard to look past the lure of money and see a scam for what it truly is.
ACChain was a freshly-minted ICO that aimed to create a platform to streamline the process of digitizing monetary assets onto a blockchain. Some investors were unhappy with the level of engagement from the team on their official Telegram channel, and requested to see pictures of them at work. When these were not provided, one investor and Reddit user slinterface went to the company's offices in Shenzen, China. Slinterface asked around and neighboring offices confirmed that ACChain executive Jia Wan and two companies were present in those offices until February Both are majority-owned by a third company, for which Jia Wan serves as legal representative.
Shenzhen Puyin Blockchain Group was under investigation by the Police Department of Nanshan District for false and illegal advertising. Neighbors also reported that about three weeks after ACChain left the offices, a group of "mafia-like" men came and took everything that remained.
There are reports that they were arrested. After the disappearance of the team, it emerged that a company named ACChain Technology International Services was registered in the tax haven of Jersey.
There has been little word of developments in the case, though one thing is for sure: ACChain investors will be lucky to see a cent of their equity ever returned.
It's hard to know exactly how much Bitcoin is owned by Chinese individuals or entities. The nature of the blockchain does not give any real clues as to the country of origin of any wallet's holder. Bitcoin's pseudonymity also makes it hard - or impossible, without special tools - to tie together a user's multiple wallets, or to determine what percentage of coins are irrevocably lost.
While many of the largest exchanges are Chinese - Binance, Huobi, and OKex are the largest exchanges either founded or currently operating out of China - they all serve clients from around the world.
The Chinese government has given no indication that it holds any Bitcoin, nor would its recent attitude towards crypto suggest that it would be likely to divulge that sort of information. This all makes it very difficult to get an accurate idea of how much Bitcoin China or Chinese residents own. It's simple to find out what would happen if China bans Bitcoin mining: it's happened a couple of times in the past. China's back-and-forth attitude to Bitcoin has put miners under stress.
While mining has and hasn't been banned in China at different points over the last decade, miners have continued to operate. The effects of the ban are more of a removal of official privileges rather than an outright cessation of activity.
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Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. European Union. Illegal On 20 November the exchange office issued a public statement in which it declared, "The Office des Changes wishes to inform the general public that the transactions via virtual currencies constitute an infringement of the exchange regulations, liable to penalties and fines provided for by [existing laws] in force. Legal As of 17 January , The Central Bank of Nigeria CBN has passed a circular to inform all Nigerian banks that bank transactions in bitcoin and other virtual currencies have been banned in Nigeria.
Legal The Financial Services Commission of Mauritius considers cryptocurrencies to be regulated as a Digital Asset under the Financial Services Act , and while it cautions investors they are not protected by any statutory compensation agreements, they are legal. Legal While government officials have advised against the use of Bitcoin, there is no legislation against it and it remains fully legal. South Africa. Legal In September the Bank of Namibia issued a position paper on virtual currencies entitled  wherein it declared cryptocurrency exchanges are not allowed and cryptocurrency cannot be accepted as payment for goods and services.
Legal The Reserve Bank Of Zimbabwe is sceptical about bitcoin and has not officially permitted its use. United States. Legal The U. Legal Bitcoin is legal in Mexico as of Legal News reports indicate that bitcoins are being used in the country.
Costa Rica. Legal The Costa Rican Central Bank announced that bitcoin and cryptocurrencies are not considered currencies, and are not backed by the government nor laws.
Legal The Bank of Jamaica BoJ , the national Central Bank, has publicly declared that it must create opportunities for the exploitation of technologies including cryptocurrencies. Trinidad and Tobago. Legal Legal. Legal Bitcoins may be considered money, but not legal currency. Illegal Absolute ban. Legal Not regulated, according to a statement by the Central Bank of Brazil concerning cryptocurrencies, but is discouraged because of operational risks.
Legal There is no regulation on the use of bitcoins. Illegal The Ecuadorian government has issued a ban on bitcoin and other digital currencies. Legal Bitcoin is considered a commodity,  not a security or currency under the laws of the Kyrgyz Republic and may be legally mined, bought, sold and traded on a local commodity exchange. Legal On 2 September , a decree legalizing crypto trading — also making it tax-free — and mining in the country came into force, making Uzbekistan a crypto-friendly state.
Legal The use of bitcoins is not regulated in Cyprus. United Arab Emirates. Contradictory information Absolute ban.
Legal As of , the Israel Tax Authorities issued a statement saying that bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies would not fall under the legal definition of currency, and neither of that of a financial security, but of a taxable asset. Saudi Arabia. Legal The government of Lebanon has issued a warning discouraging the use of bitcoin and other similar systems. Legal Bitcoin is not regulated as it is not considered to be electronic money according to the law.
Legal Finance minister Arun Jaitley, in his budget speech on 1 February , stated that the government will do everything to discontinue the use of bitcoin and other virtual currencies in India for criminal uses.
China PRC. Hong Kong. Legal On 8 January , the Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury addressed bitcoin in the Legislative Council stating that "Hong Kong at present has no legislation directly regulating bitcoins and other virtual currencies of [a] similar kind. Legal On 7 March , the Japanese government, in response to a series of questions asked in the National Diet , made a cabinet decision on the legal treatment of bitcoins in the form of answers to the questions.
South Korea. Legal Minors and all foreigners are prohibited from trading cryptocurrencies. Legal In December , the Monetary Authority of Singapore reportedly stated that "[w]hether or not businesses accept bitcoins in exchange for their goods and services is a commercial decision in which MAS does not intervene. Legal Thai based bitcoin exchanges can only exchange Digital Currencies for Thai Baht and are required to operate with a Thailand Business Development Department e-commerce license.
It is not protected under the laws administered by AMBD. Legal Not considered to be an official form of currency, earnings are subject to tax law. Legal Croatia's Financial Stability Council warned investors about the risks of virtual currencies, such as digital wallet theft and fraud, on December 18, Czech Republic.
Legal Businesses and individuals who buy, sell, store, manage, or mediate the purchase or sale of virtual currencies or provide similar services must comply with the anti-money laundering law.
Legal On 19 August , the German Finance Ministry announced that bitcoin is now essentially a "unit of account" and can be used for the purpose of tax and trading in the country, meaning that purchases made with it must pay VAT as with euro transactions. Legal The Hungarian Central Bank, Magyar Nemzeti Bank MNB has issued several warnings over cryptocurrencies, stating that it's "much riskier" than other electronic payments such as credit cards. Legal The use of bitcoin in Poland is not regulated by a legal act at present.
Legal As of March , an official statement of the Romanian National Bank mentioned that "using digital currencies as payment has certain risks for the financial system". Legal The National Bank of Slovakia NBS , stated  that bitcoin does not have the legal attributes of a currency, and therefore it cannot be considered a currency. Legal On 23 December the Slovenian Ministry of Finance made an announcement  stating that bitcoin is neither a currency nor an asset.
Legal Bitcoin businesses in Switzerland are subject to anti-money laundering regulations and in some instances may need to obtain a banking license. Legal On 21 May , Albania passed a new law to regulate cryptocurrency activities. Legal The Decree On the Development of Digital Economy — the decree of Alexander Lukashenko , the President of the Republic of Belarus , which includes measures to liberalize the conditions for conducting business in the sphere of high technologies.
In addition, the decree includes: Extension of the validity period of the special legal regime of the High-Tech Park until 1 January , and expansion of the list of activities of resident companies. Under the new rules, developers of blockchain -based solutions, developers of machine learning systems based on artificial neural networks , companies from the medical and biotechnological industries, developers of unmanned vehicles, as well as software developers and publishers can become residents.
The list of promising areas is unlimited and can be expanded by the decision of the High-Tech Park supervisory board. Exemption of foreign companies providing marketing, advertising, consulting and other services to the residents of the High-Tech Park from paying value-added tax , as well as paying income tax, which allows to promote IT products of Belarusian companies in foreign markets.
To encourage investments, the Decree also exempts foreign companies from the tax on income from the alienation of shares, stakes in the authorized capital and shares in the property of residents of the High-Tech Park under condition of continuous possession of at least days.
Introduction of individual English law institutions for residents of the High-Tech Park, which will make it possible to conclude option contracts , convertible loan agreements, non-competition agreements with employees, agreements with responsibility for enticing employees, irrevocable powers of attorney and other documents common in international practice.
This measure is aimed at simplifying the structuring of transactions with foreign capital. Simplification of the regime of currency transactions for residents of the High-Tech Park, including the introduction of a notification procedure for currency transactions, the cancellation of the mandatory written form of foreign trade transactions, the introduction of confirmation of the conducted operations by primary documents drawn up unilaterally.
Also, the decree removes restrictions on resident companies for transactions with electronic money and allows opening accounts in foreign banks and credit and financial organizations without obtaining permission from the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus. Simplification of the procedure for recruiting qualified foreign specialists by resident companies of the High-Tech Park, including the abolition of the recruitment permit, the simplified procedure for obtaining a work permit, and the visa-free regime for the founders and employees of resident companies with a term of continuous stay of up to days.
Legal Denmark's Financial Supervisory Authority issued a statement declaring that bitcoin is not a currency and stating that it will not regulate its use.
Legal In Estonia, the use of bitcoins is not regulated or otherwise controlled by the government. Legal The Finnish Tax Administration has issued instructions for the taxation of virtual currencies, including the bitcoin. Legal According to a opinion, from the Central Bank of Iceland "there is no authorization to purchase foreign currency from financial institutions in Iceland or to transfer foreign currency across borders on the basis of transactions with virtual currency. Legal Bank of Lithuania released a warning on 31 January , that bitcoin is not recognized as legal tender in Lithuania and that bitcoin users should be aware of high risks that come with the usage of it.